Před 221 lety na Place de la Concorde

16. října 2014 v 14:21 | Lisi |  Kalendář
Před 221 lety 16. října 1793 časně ráno byl vynesen rozsudek nad Marii Antoinettou, bývalou francouzskou královnou. O půl páté se "pyšná Rakušanka" či "madame Deficit" dostala zpátky do své cely ve vězení Conciergerie. Sedla si ke stolu a začala psát svůj poslední dopis v životě. Adresovala ho své švagrové madame Alžbětě.

...právě jsem byla odsouzena k smrti, která však není nijak potupná - potupná smrt je vyhrazena zločincům - kdežto já se vydám na cestu, na jejímž konci se znovu setkám s Vaším bratrem...

...jen mne zarmucuje, že musím opustit své děti...




Adresátka dopisu tou dobou stále nuceně pobývala společně s dcerou Marie Antoinetty Marií Therese v Templu. Z pěti členů rodiny, kteří pohromadě zažívali revoluční utrpení, zbyly již jenom ony dvě. Revolucionáři dopis madame Alžbětě nepředali, ta si tedy nepřečetla řádky, které se označují za závěť Marie Antoinetty.

Ta po napsání dopisu měla chvíli klidu pro sebe, potom jí ovšem znovu, aby bylo učiněno formalitám za dost, přečetli rozsudek smrti. Kat Henri Sanson jí svázal ruce za zády a ostříhal vlasy, které jen před několika lety byly splétané do účesů, co chtěly nosit všechny dámy.

Manžel Marie Antoinetty král Ludvík XVI. byl na popraviště dovezen v krytém kočáru, Antoinettě toto upřeli. Musela na svojí poslední zastávku dojet v otevřené káře se svázanýma rukama. Cestou byla každému na očích, jeden z pozorovatelů ji rychle načrtl. O pár let později stejný člověk namaluje velkolepou korunovaci Napoleona.

K poledni už dorazila na Place de la Révolution, možná si vzpomněla, že kdysi neslo jméno jejího královského dědečka Place Louis-XV. My stejnému místo dnes ale říkáme Plade de la Concorde.

Během příchodu ke gilotině omylem stoupla Marie Antoinetta na nohu katu Sansonovi. Omluvila se, nechtěla.

Ve čtvrt na jednu spadlo ostří gilotiny a monarchie byla definitivně mrtva. Za 17 dnů by královně Marii Antoinettě bylo 38 let.


Marie Therese řekla o posledních chvílích života své maminky:

" Šla na smrt s odvahou, v kletbách sesílaných na ni nešťastnými, svedenými lidmi. Její odvaha ji neopustila ani v popravčí káře, ani na popravišti samém, měla ji ve smrti, stejně jako ji měla v životě.

Tak zemřela 16. října 1793 Marie Antoinette Jeanne Josephe de Lorraine, dcera císaře a manželka krále Francie, 37 let a 11 měsíců stará, po 23 letech života ve Francii. Zemřela 8 měsíců po svém manželovi Ludvíku XVI."












Citace dopisu z ČECHURA, Jaroslav. Královská trilogie. 2. souborné vyd., V Ottově nakladatelství vyd. 1. Praha: Ottovo nakladatelství, 2008, 585 s. ISBN 978-80-7360-634-3.
Slova Marie Therese z http://digital.library.upenn.edu/women/wormeley/princess/princess.html#209
Informace z The Conciergerie: Palais de la Cité, průvodce

 

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